Question: What Age Do Infantile Spasms Start?

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences.

It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others.

Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain..

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Neonatal Neurological Disorder SymptomsFussiness.Decreased level of consciousness.Abnormal movements.Feeding difficulty.Changes in body temperature.Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)

Is infantile a spasm?

Infantile spasms (IS), also called West Syndrome, is a rare type of epilepsy in children. This syndrome is considered an epileptic encephalopathy or severe brain disorder. Without early treatment, IS can cause problems with your child’s: Cognition.

Do infantile spasms show up on EEG?

Infantile spasms are a very specific type of seizure with a characteristic age of onset (a typical age when seizures start). They are nearly always accompanied by a very characteristic pattern on the electroencephalogram (EEG). This pattern is called ‘hypsarrhythmia’.

Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?

Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).

How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

Do babies grow out of infantile spasms?

They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.

How many times a day do infantile spasms occur?

There may only be a few spasms in a cluster or there may be many, even more than one hundred. Very occasionally, only one spasm will occur at a time. In between clusters of spasms many hours without spasms can occur. Occasionally more than a day will pass without a cluster of spasms.

What does a infant seizure look like?

Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious. For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here.

Can infantile spasm be cured?

Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.

Are baby spasms normal?

Expect some of the following: Sudden jerks or twitches of the arms, hands or legs. If they only occur during sleep, they are most likely normal. How Long: last a few seconds, but can recur.