How Common Is Body Dysmorphia?

Does everyone have body dysmorphia?

The condition affects almost as many men as women and generally first surfaces in adolescence.

The signs and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder can vary widely from person to person.

The focus is usually on one specific body part or perceived flaw, such as moles or freckles perceived as too large or too noticeable..

How do you know if you have body dysmorphia?

Signs and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder include: Being extremely preoccupied with a perceived flaw in appearance that to others can’t be seen or appears minor. Strong belief that you have a defect in your appearance that makes you ugly or deformed.

Can body dysmorphia make you feel skinny?

Anyone of any age can have BDD – and it affects both men and women. But it can affect them differently – for instance, BDD may make a man see themselves as skinnier, and less muscly than they are. It can make a woman see themselves as much bigger than they are, and vice versa.

What do you say to someone with body dysmorphia?

Tips on helping someone with body dysmorphia include: Avoid trying to make someone feel better by talking about your own insecurities or flaws. This can just spiral into a more negative conversation. Provide them with space to talk freely and openly with you about their feelings.

Does body dysmorphia have to be diagnosed?

Eating disorder: If a normal-weight person is excessively concerned about being fat or their weight, meets other diagnostic criteria for BDD, and does not meet diagnostic criteria for an eating disorder, then BDD should be diagnosed.

Who gets body dysmorphia?

BDD most often develops in adolescents and teens, and research shows that it affects men and women almost equally. In the United States, BDD occurs in about 2.5% in males, and in 2.2 % of females. BDD often begins to occur in adolescents 12-13 years of age (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Can you self diagnose body dysmorphia?

A Self-Test for BDD The BDD Questionnaire (BDDQ) is a “self-test” that an individual fills out him/herself. Only a trained mental health professional can diagnose BDD, but this test may serve as a helpful guide for whether you should seek help.

Can you have body dysmorphia without an eating disorder?

Although dieting can be a feature of BDD that involves a body part perceived to be large, eating and weight are not usually disturbed, and BDD is not diagnosed if an eating disorder is thought to be present.

What to do if you think you have body dysmorphia?

If you have moderate symptoms of BDD, you should be offered either CBT or a type of antidepressant medication called a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). If you have more severe symptoms of BDD or other treatments do not work, you should be offered CBT together with an SSRI.

How do you test for body dysmorphia?

In diagnosing BDD, the doctor will likely begin his or her evaluation with a complete history and focused physical exam. If the doctor suspects BDD, he or she might refer the person to a psychiatrist or psychologist, health care professionals who are specially trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses.